1) Government's Budget Allocation on Migrants’ HIV and SRHR Needs

This study aimed to review budget allocation for HIV and SRHR of Migrants (including MSM Migrants) interventions, policies & outcomes by:

  • Comparing migrant’s contribution in development and governments’ spending for migrants’ healthcare and SRHR services in case of HIV infection as well as towards prevention of HIV & AIDS.
  • Exploring the overall impediments in accessing health care and social services (social protection mechanisms) for HIV positive migrants and how accessible are the health care services for migrants.

2) Assessment of COVID-19 Impact on Migrant’s Life and Recovery Needs in Post Pandemic Context in Pakistan

Since the testing times of Covid-19 helped the world realize that the most severely affected and vulnerable groups were those of migrants, the assessment aimed at assessing lives of Migrants’ how their lives presently are in the post pandemic world. By obtaining useful insights into what the impacts of Covid-19 have been on the migration stream, the study explored the recovery needs, mitigation strategies and policy responses that need to be catered and adopted in post pandemic context.

3) Road to Universal Health Coverage (UHC) for all with a focus on Migrants Workers

This research highlights the implementation level of UHC in Pakistan and inclusion of migrants in Pakistan’s UHC commitments. The study dives deep into the various requirements and hurdles to achieve UHC coverage and implementation.

The Research had the following three objectives:

  1. To conduct a desk review of Pakistan’s current health legislature covering UHC
  2. To study areas of interventions for advancement towards achieving UHC by 2030 in Pakistan
  3. To identify gaps hindering inclusion of MWs in Pakistan's UHC commitments

4) HIV and STDs Awareness among Overseas Pakistani Migrants

This online research was conducted by SPEAK to know the level of SRHR awareness particularly STDs and HIV among overseas Pakistanis. Another aim was to gather information of whether the Migrants were sensitized by the government on the diseases before departure. The results of the research indicated an alarming lack of awareness among overseas Pakistanis regarding SRHR awareness and transmission of STDs like HIV.

5) A Review of HIV Policy Progression and Migrants Health Rights in Pakistan

This study intends to provide a brief context of the current situation of migrants’ health rights, primarily by looking at the progression of HIV and AIDS related policies and practices over time. HIV is considered an indicator because it is one of the most sensitive health conditions. As a treatable disease, considerations surrounding HIV extend beyond health and encompass social issues of stigma and discrimination. The aim of this study was to compile information to assess whether there had been any positive changes at the policy level in the protection of migrants’ health rights, as well as to identify remaining obstacles in the protection of migrant’s health rights, specifically as it concerns HIV.

6) Challenges faced by Women Human Rights Defenders (WHRDs) in Pakistan

To explore three-dimensional challenges faced by WHRDs and to generate concrete strategies for the protection of WHRDs, this research had the following 3 objectives:

  1. Explore types of challenges faced by WHRDs and generate qualitative evidence
  2. Examine the online hate speech pattern against WHRDs
  3. Identify laws that prove to be hurdles for WHRDs Being an action research, this study is a step towards the overall efforts to increase the protection of WHRDs in Pakistan. As a follow-up of this research we are currently working to formulate a law for protection of Human Rights Defenders.


1) National Stakeholders Consultation on HIV Testing and Referral Services for Deportee/Returnee Migrants at Airports/Borders

The National level consultation aimed to sensitize all stakeholders of migration and HIV on HIV vulnerabilities of migrants and set a roadmap for collaborative efforts to eradicate migrants' HIV vulnerabilities by establishing Technical Working Group (TWG). The event was chaired by Special Secretary – Ministry of National Health Services Regulation & Coordination (MNHSRC) and co-chaired by Secretary – Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resource Development (MOPHRD).

2) Consultation of CSO Coalition for Advocacy on Sustainable HIV financing on Migrants

SPEAK organized 1st CSO coalition meeting to advocate funding on HIV and SRHR of migrants. The coalition meeting enhanced the understanding of participants on different key aspects of HIV financing in prevention and response and to increase awareness of the participants on strategies for HIV financing on migrants. The meeting was attended by 09 CSO’s working on HIV and migrants rights.